Language and thought - Wikipedia
Introduction. The connection between language and thought is profound. The majority of our everyday life involves the use of language. We tell our ideas to. As for Vygotsky, thought and language are interdependent processes, from the beginning . I can (or maybe “could ” at one time) discuss most topics fairly easily in both That is, in my native language, there is a direct connection between the . Lovely question, complex subject. “Can we think without words?” and “How do languages affect the way we speak?”. These questions were.
Arguments for lingualism include, holism of the mental, or the concept of belief which requires language. Thoughts are "sentences in the head", meaning they take place within a mental language. Two theories work in support of the language of thought theory. Causal syntactic theory of mental practices hypothesizes that mental processes are causal processes defined over the syntax of mental representations. Representational theory of mind hypothesizes that propositional attitudes are relations between subjects and mental representations.
In tandem, these theories explain how the brain can produce rational thought and behavior. All three of these theories were inspired by the development of modern logical inference. They were also inspired by Alan Turing 's work on causal processes that require formal procedures within physical machines. The theory believes that mental representation has both a combinatorial syntax and compositional semantics.
The claim is that mental representations possess combinatorial syntax and compositional semantic—that is, mental representations are sentences in a mental language. Alan Turing's work on physical machines implementation of causal processes that require formal procedures was modeled after these beliefs.
What is the relationship between language and thought? | Elliot Murphy - mafiathegame.info
The hypothesis has been largely abandoned by linguists as it has found very limited experimental support, at least in its strong form. For instance, a study showing that speakers of languages lacking a subjunctive mood such as Chinese experience difficulty with hypothetical problems has been discredited.
Another study did show that subjects in memory tests are more likely to remember a given color if their mother language includes a word for that color; however, these findings do not necessarily support this hypothesis specifically.
Chomsky's independent theory, founded by Noam Chomskyconsiders language as one aspect of cognition. Chomsky's theory states that a number of cognitive systems exist, which seem to possess distinct specific properties.
These cognitive systems lay the groundwork for cognitive capacities, like language faculty. He calls this belief constructivismwhich supports that infants progress from simple to sophisticated models of the world through a change mechanism that allows an infant to build on their lower-level representations to create higher-level ones.
This view opposes nativist theories about cognition being composed of innate knowledge and abilities. Vygotsky 's theory on cognitive development, known as Vygotsky's theory of interchanging roles, supports the idea that social and individual development stems from the processes of dialectical interaction and function unification. Lev Vygotsky believed that before two years of age, both speech and thought develop in differing ways along with differing functions.
The idea that relationship between thought and speech is ever-changing, supports Vygotsky's claims. Vygotsky's theory claims that thought and speech have different genetic roots. And at the age of two, a child's thought and speech collide, and the relationship between thought and speech shifts. What happens with a person who is muli-lingual? Does the native language override the process? How is the world presented to us?
Language and thought
I think that the world is presented in a kaleidoscopic flux of impressions which has to be organized by our minds—and this means largely by the linguistic systems in our minds. We cut up, slice it up, dice it up and organize it into concepts, and ascribe significances as we do.
A community that shares a common language has established an agreement, the language is the agreement with all its coding and de-coding.
It is an agreement that holds throughout our speech community and is codified in the patterns of our language. If two or more languages have a common linguistic background, then all observers are led to the same picture of the Universe or reality, the languages can calibrated to produce a consensus. There have been many papers written on the subject. Some say that babies 'think' without language.
I consider that babies classify and absorb basic concepts of shape, taste, texture etc, but without 'thought' - or not thought as I consider thought. I consider this the basic acquisition of the building blocks of subsequent experiences and knowledge of their environment, but not thought. A mental language only. I do think 'thought' is the manipulation of already stored experiences. As I said already I think that only those concepts already 'labelled' with language are dominant.
I can use the 'word' heat - but I cannot 'think' about heat per se, so my thoughts would be perhaps of the source of heat, the effects of heat, the desirability etc. Heat itself is a recognizable attribute, labelled, but we are not able to 'think' about it.
As Wittgenstein indicated, if you want to know the meaning of a word, look at it's use. Bilingualism I actually live in a bilingual community. I do not have the second language, so I often ask questions about the derivation of some words others use, or their meaning in English.
I am struck by how many times there appears to be no direct translation - or perhaps none known to the speaker although their English is perfect.
Their first language is from a culture which had no or little written records. Consequently such things as conceptualising family relationships is to a phenomenal degree. Their memory for names is amazing, but the language in written form is more available to me, in that I often have to spell some words for them - although I am useless at their pronunciation!
They hear the word, I see it in written form. As to how we experience the world? I don't see the world of experience being presented to us.
We are part of the world we inhabit. I do agree we have an a priori ability to process experiences Kant - and to classify them in a way that they can be brought back into our imagination, manipulated, decoded and spoken in language. Kate Wed Sep 27, 5: The artists envisions without the words to express his thoughts, but can put paint to canvas and express ideas. So to does the musician. Wed Sep 27, 9: A common heading for this would be under the "Whorf-Sapir" hypothesis.
I think I have recently posted on this here somewhere but the basic idea was "language structures thought". This was based on Whorf's study of Hopi and how their language did not allow for the seperation of past and present.
Since this time, the deabte has waxed and waned but the emerging consensus seems to be "both". Language can structure or constrain thought to some degree. However, studies of the development of language and cognition in children has also found that children will develope their own language complete with vocabulary, grammar, etc. In linguistics we do see examples of new words being developed to express different nuances of meaning where necessary i.
This, of course, is linked to societal norms regarding conservatism. Therefore, some populations may be very conservative and the language does not change through time and this may be linked, to varying degress, to the resistence towards new ideas. But, there is still debate as to if and why this may be the case. Some of our other key debates like that relating to "evolution" may be linked here.
It is certainly possible that resistence to the "idea" of evolution at an early age may signal and be correlated to solidifying cognitive patterns at an early age and may be caused by the way societal norms are being taught as well as linked to nutrition, health, etc. Wed Sep 27, Both are creative activities involving the use of the imagination - but is this 'thinking' as we know it? The output is a representation of the individual's coded mental message.
If one believes that experiences are stored as mental representations then in essence, the mental picture should be no different for an English speaker than to one who speaks Chinese. How they then communicate that mental language depends on their vocabulary, skill and imagination. I still maintain that 'language' is necessary for thought, a conscious activity, involving the retrieval of concepts or ideas and the manipulation of the information and knowledge brought into 'thinking' about something.
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