Transcontinental railroad - Wikipedia
A transcontinental railroad is a contiguous network of railroad trackage that crosses a Railroad was built between and to join the eastern and western mountains and then across Nevada to their meeting in northern Utah. the Central Pacific Railroad and the Union Pacific Railroad met on with the western crews battling the mountains and the eastern crews. The eastern-based Union Pacific began in Omaha and built west. of the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads meet in Promontory, Utah.
Alternatively, cargo was offloaded and reloaded, a time-consuming effort that delayed cargo shipments. For the transcontinental railroad, the builders adopted the English standard, what is now called standard gauge. Within a few years, nearly all railroads converted to steel rails. Time zones and telegraph usage[ edit ] Time was not standardized across the United States and Canada until November 18, Ineach railroad set its own time to minimize scheduling errors.
To communicate easily up and down the line, the railroads built telegraph lines alongside the railroad. These lines eventually superseded the original First Transcontinental Telegraph which followed much of the Mormon Trail up the North Platte River and across the very thinly populated Central Nevada Route through central Utah and Nevada.
The telegraph lines along the railroad were easier to protect and maintain. Many of the original telegraph lines were abandoned as the telegraph business was consolidated with the railroad telegraph lines. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. May Learn how and when to remove this template message Route of the first American transcontinental railroad from Sacramento, California, to Council Bluffs, Iowa.
Other railroads connected at Council Bluffs to cities throughout the East and Midwest.
- First Transcontinental Railroad
- When East Meets West: The Last Spike of the Transcontinental Railroad
- Transcontinental railroad completed
Omaha was chosen by President Abraham Lincoln as the location of its Transfer Depot where up to seven railroads could transfer mail and other goods to Union Pacific trains bound for the west. Trains were initially transported across the Missouri River by ferry before they could access the western tracks beginning in OmahaNebraska Territory. The river froze in the winter, and the ferries were replaced by sleighs. Durantone of the chief financiers of the Union Pacific.
First Transcontinental Railroad - Wikipedia
Dodge to build the railroad, and the Union Pacific began a mad dash west. He equipped several railroad cars to serve as portable bunkhouses for the workers and gathered men and supplies to push the railroad rapidly west. Among the bunkhouses Casement added a galley car to prepare meals, and he even provided for a herd of cows to be moved with the railhead and bunk cars to provide fresh meat.
Hunters were hired to provide buffalo meat from the large herds of American bison. In response, the U.
First transcontinental railroad is completed
Army instituted active cavalry patrols that grew larger as the Native Americans grew more aggressive. Temporary, " Hell on wheels " towns, made mostly of canvas tents, accompanied the railroad as construction headed west. Building bridges to cross creeks and rivers was the main source of delays. It was built across the shallow but wide North Platte resting on piles driven by steam pile drivers.
In lateformer Major General Grenville M. Dodge was appointed Chief Engineer on the Union Pacific, but hard working General "Jack" Casement continued to work as chief construction "boss" and his brother Daniel Casement continued as financial officer.
Transcontinental railroad completed - HISTORY
The original westward travellers in their ox and mule pulled wagons tried to stick to river valleys to avoid as much road building as possible—gradients and sharp corners were usually of little or no concern to them. The ox and mule pulled wagons were the original off-road vehicles in their day, since nearly all of the Emigrant Trails went cross country over rough, un-improved trails. The route over South Pass's main advantage for wagons pulled by oxen or mules was a shorter elevation over an "easy" pass to cross and its "easy" connection to nearby river valleys on both sides of the continental divide for water and grass.
The emigrant trails were closed in winter. The route along the North Platte was also further from Denver, Coloradoand went across difficult terrain, while a railroad connection to that City was already being planned for and surveyed.
Efforts to survey a new, shorter, "better" route had been under way since Evans Pass was located between what would become the new "railroad" towns of Cheyenne and Laramie. This "new" route had never become an emigrant route because it lacked the water and grass to feed the emigrants' oxen and mules. Steam locomotives did not need grass, and the railroad companies could drill wells for water if necessary. The other route was the "southern route". The central route was eventually chosen by Congress.
The act said that there were two main railroad lines. The two railroads would meet somewhere in the middle. The act gave the railroad companies land where they could build the railroad. It also paid them for each mile that they built. They were paid more money for miles of track built in the mountains versus miles of track built on the flat plains.
Weather conditions were especially tough in the mountains during the winter.
A lot of times the only way to travel over the mountains was to go through the mountains by blasting a tunnel. The longest tunnel built was feet long.
It took a long time to build the tunnels. They were able to blast around 1 foot per day on average. As the Native Americans came to realize the threat to their way of life that the "Iron Horse" was going to bring, they began to raid the railroad work sites.Central Pacific Railroad meets Union Pacific Railroad 1869 Utah
Also, a lot of the land that was "granted" to the railroad by the government was actually Native American land. The Workers The majority of the workers on the Union Pacific Railroad were Irish laborers, many who had served in both the Union and the Confederate armies.
In Utah, a lot of the track was built by Mormon workers. Most of the Central Pacific Railroad was built by Chinese immigrants. Leland Stanford, governor of California and president of the Central Pacific Railroad, drove in the last spike. You can see it today at Stanford University in California. Driving the Golden Spike on 10th May, by American School Interesting Facts about the First Transcontinental Railroad The Pony Express traveled a similar route to the central route and helped to prove that the route was passable in winter.