Four temperaments - Wikipedia
The four temperaments served as the earliest personality quiz. Discover The Greek physician Hippocrates included them in his work as part of are very patient and prefer close relationships rather than large social circles. Take the Assessment · About Temperaments · 4 Primaries · 15 Blends · Shop · Free The Choleric is the least occurring of the four temperaments, and a female Choleric is They are slow to build relationships, and tend to have only a few close The Sanguine is extroverted, fun-loving, playful, activity-prone, impulsive, . The four temperament theory is a proto-psychological theory which suggests that there are four fundamental personality types: sanguine, Modern medical science does not define a fixed relationship between internal secretions and personality, Examples are DiSC assessment, social styles, and a theory that adds a fifth.
He believed certain human moods, emotions and behaviors were caused by an excess or lack of body fluids called "humors": Next, Galen AD — c. The word "temperament" itself comes from Latin "temperare", "to mix".
- Your temperaments blend may be...
- Medieval Medicine: The Four Humors
- Personality Type Theory
In the ideal personality, the complementary characteristics or warm-cool and dry-moist were exquisitely balanced. In four less ideal types, one of the four qualities was dominant over all the others. In the remaining four types, one pair of qualities dominated the complementary pair; for example, warm and moist dominated cool and dry.
These latter four were the temperamental categories Galen named "sanguine", "choleric", "melancholic" and "phlegmatic" after the bodily humors, respectively.
Each was the result of an excess of one of the humors that produced, in turn, the imbalance in paired qualities. Hans Eysenck — was one of the first psychologists to analyze personality differences using a psycho- statistical method factor analysisand his research led him to believe that temperament is biologically based.
The factors he proposed in his book Dimensions of Personality were Neuroticism Nthe tendency to experience negative emotions, and Extraversion Ethe tendency to enjoy positive events, especially social ones. They sometimes have difficulty controlling their thoughts and emotions. Actually, they tend not to store their thoughts and feelings—if they think it or feel it, they share it!
Their voice will show excitement and friendliness. Sanguines enjoy dressing according to current fashion. They fear rejection or not making a favorable impression. Sanguines also fear others viewing them as unsuccessful. Sanguines are very effective working with others. Sanguines are easily distracted and can change quickly.
The traits of the primary temperament, Phlegmatic, may be altered or modified in some significant way determined by the influence of the secondary temperament. Some Phlegmatics will be very strong, others somewhat strong, and still others more mild.
Phlegmatics are naturally service-oriented. They are passive in both favorable and unfavorable environments. They influence their environment by cooperating with others to carry out the task. They tend to not be highly ambitious and they tend to lack a sense of urgency both due to their passive nature.
Phlegmatics are introverted, calm, unemotional, easygoing, indecisive, patient, and agreeable. They are both slow and indirect when responding to others. Phlegmatics are slow to warm-up, but will be accommodating in the process. They are by far the easiest people with whom to get along—as long as you do not try to alter their routine or ask them to change. Phlegmatics live a quiet, routine life free of the normal anxieties of the other temperaments.
They avoid getting too involved with people, and life in general, preferring a private, low-key life-style, centered around home and family. Phlegmatics seldom exert themselves with others or push their way along in their career.
They just let it happen. They make good team players. They communicate a warm, sincere interest in others, preferring to have just a few close friends.
They are possessive of their friendships and material things. Phlegmatics will be very loyal to their friends. However, once a relationship is broken, they seldom return. Phlegmatics strongly resist change. They need time to adjust when change does occur, especially sudden change. They avoid conflict which is why they are so accommodating. They resist making quick decisions. Phlegmatics are practical, concrete, and traditional thinkers.
Their stoic expression often hides their true feelings. They can be grudge holders. Phlegmatics can also be patient to the point of paralysis.
The Four Temperaments
They are persistent, and consistent, at whatever they undertake. Because of their passive nature, they tend to procrastinate easily and often. The traits of the primary temperament, Melancholy, may be altered or modified in some significant way due to the influence of the secondary temperament.
Some Melancholies will be very strong, others somewhat strong, and still others more mild. The Melancholy naturally wants to do things right, and is quality-oriented. Melancholies are not trying to be right, they are driven to figure out what is right.
Personality Type Theory - Four Humors and Carl Jung
They have a cautious, tentative response designed to reduce tension in an unfavorable environment. They influence their environment by adhering to the existing rules, and by doing things right according to predetermined and accepted standards.
Melancholies are detailed-oriented, operate from a plan, and they are very private. Melancholies are introverted, logical, analytical, and factual in communication. They need information, time alone to think, and a detailed plan in order to function effectively without anxiety.
Melancholies respond to others in a slow, cautious, and indirect manner. They are reserved and suspicious until they are sure of your intentions. Melancholies probe for the hidden meaning behind your words. They are timid, may appear unsure, and have a serious expression.
Melancholies are self-sacrificing, gifted, and they can be a perfectionist. Melancholies are conscientious, picky, and can be sensitive to what others think of their work.
They have anxiety about the present and future. They tend to have guilt feelings but fail to realize that guilt will not change the past nor will worry change the future. They allow guilt and worry to rob them of enjoying the present. Melancholies are well organized.
However, on occasion, they may keep things cluttered, but they will know what is in the piles. They are determined to make the right and best decision so they will collect lots of information, and ask very specific questions, and sometimes they will ask the same question several times.