The Cry, the Beloved Country characters covered include: Stephen Kumalo, James Jarvis, Theophilus Msimangu, Absalom Kumalo, John Quotes. Important Quotations Explained. Further Study. Context · Full Book Quiz where he begins to rethink his opinions and his relationship to the villagers that live below his farm. Analysis, related quotes, theme tracking. significant father/son relationships: that of Stephen Kumalo and his son Absalom Kumalo, and that of James Jarvis. Father Vincent, Kumalo, Gertrude, Msimangu, and Absalom's girlfriend go to the prison so that Absalom can be married. After the marriage, Absalom and his.
Cry, the Beloved Country - Wikipedia
After this murder Absalom fled to Talmaiwho was the king of Geshur and Absalom's maternal grandfather  see also Joshua It was not until three years later that Absalom was fully reinstated in his father's favour and finally returned to Jerusalem  see Joab. The revolt at Hebron[ edit ] Two views of the burial chamber inside the so-called Tomb of Absalom in the Valley of JehoshaphatJerusalemwhich has no connection to biblical Absalom.
Then all who had a suit or cause might come to me, and I would give them justice. He "stole the hearts of the people of Israel".Absalom and Achitophel summary in hindi /हिंदी सारांश / John Dryden in hindi
Absalom reached the capital and consulted with the renowned Ahithophel sometimes spelled Achitophel. David took refuge from Absalom's forces beyond the Jordan River. However, he took the precaution of instructing a servant, Hushaito infiltrate Absalom's court and subvert it. Hushai convinced Absalom to ignore Ahithophel's advice to attack his father while he was on the run, and instead to prepare his forces for a major attack. This gave David critical time to prepare his own troops for the battle.
The Battle of Ephraim's Wood[ edit ] A fateful battle was fought in the Wood of Ephraim the name suggests a locality west of the Jordan and Absalom's army was completely routed. He was discovered there still alive by one of David's men, who reported this to Joabthe king's commander. Joab, accustomed to avenging himself, took this opportunity to even the score with Absalom.
Killing Absalom was against David's explicit command, "Beware that none touch the young man Absalom". Joab killed Absalom with three darts through the heart. When David heard that Absalom was killed, although not how he was killed, he greatly sorrowed. O my son Absalom, my son, my son Absalom! Would God I had died for thee, O Absalom, my son, my son! An ancient monument in the Kidron Valley near the Old City of Jerusalem, known as the Tomb of Absalom or Absalom's Pillar and traditionally identified as the monument of the biblical narrative, is now dated by modern archeologists to the first century AD.
Cry, the Beloved Country by Alan Paton. Absalom was the name of Stephen Kumalo's son in the novel. Like the historical Absalom, Absalom Kumalo was at odds with his father, the two fighting a moral and ethical battle of sorts over the course of some of the novel's most important events.
Absalom kills and murders a man, and also meets an untimely death. Ender's Shadow references the story of Absalom and King David's lament.
Bean, as he sends his soldiers on a suicide mission to destroy the Buggers, says to them, "O my son Absalom. My son, my son Absalom.
Would God I could die for thee, O Absalom, my son. A big man who was the "heart" of anything and everything Arthur Jarvis did, including wanting peace between the races. Absalom's lawyer; he takes his case pro deo for God in this case meaning for free. A priest from England who helps Stephen in his troubles. A native housewife in whose house Stephen stays while in Johannesburg. A father and son who represent two opposing views concerning the racial problem.
The father, who is Arthur's father-in-law, represents the traditional view, while the son represents the more liberal view. The Girl [Absalom's wife]: A teenage girl, approximately 16 years old, impregnated by Absalom, whom she later marries.
She tells Kumalo that Absalom will be her third husband and that her father had abandoned her family when she was quite young. Given her young age it is unclear if any of these marriages were wholly consensual.
Main themes[ edit ] Cry, the Beloved Country is a social protest against the structures of the society that would later give rise to apartheid. Paton attempts to create an unbiased and objective view of the dichotomies it entails: It shows many of the problems with South Africa such as the degrading of the land reserved for the natives, which is sometimes considered to be the main theme, the disintegration of the tribal community, native crime, and the flight to urban areas.
Another prevalent theme in Cry, the Beloved Country is the detrimental effects of fear on the characters and society of South Africa as indicated in the following quotation from the narrator in Chapter Cry, the beloved country, for the unborn child that is the inheritor of our fear.
Let him not love the earth too deeply. Let him not laugh too gladly when the water runs through his fingers, nor stand too silent when the setting sun makes red the veld with fire. Let him not be too moved when the birds of his land are singing, nor give too much of his heart to a mountain or a valley.
For fear will rob him of all if he gives too much.
The Family and Identity
Paton makes frequent use of literary and linguistic devices such as microcosmsintercalary chapters and dashes instead of quotation marks for dialogue to indicate the start of speech acts to portray the devastating conditions in South Africa. The most evident are the names Paton gives to the characters. Absalomthe son of Stephen Kumalo, is named for the son of King Davidwho rose against his father in rebellion. In the novel, Absalom requests that his son be named Peterthe name of one of Jesus 's disciples.
Among Peter's better-known traits is a certain impulsiveness; also, after Christ 's arrest, he denied knowing Jesus three times, and later wept in grief over this. After the resurrection, Peter renewed his commitment to Christ and to spreading the Gospel. All that suggests Absalom's final repentance and his commitment to the faith of his father. In another allusion, Arthur Jarvis is described as having a large collection of books on Abraham Lincolnand the writings of Lincoln are featured several times in the novel.
Paton describes Arthur's son as having characteristics similar to his when he was a child, which may allude to the resurrection of Christ.
Film, television and theatrical adaptations[ edit ] Inthe novel was adapted into a motion picture of the same name, directed by Zoltan Korda. Ina historic stage adaptation was performed by the Capital Players theatre group at the Moth Hall in GaboroneBotswana. The country was at that time one of the leading " frontline states " to apartheid South Africa and a centre for artistic activity that often stood in quiet opposition to the racist regime just across the border.
The premiere was attended by Paton himself, who had travelled from Natalas well as Botswana 's then-President Quett Masire with political acumen, the director had arranged for the first performance to take place on the President's birthday.
School students from across the country were bussed to the capital to see the production. The director was Heinrich Reisenhofer. The script, together with notes and activities for school use, was published in by Oxford University Press Southern Africa.
Musical adaptation[ edit ] Inthe composer Kurt Weillin collaboration with the American writer Maxwell Anderson book and lyricscomposed a musical based on the book called Lost in the Stars. It ran for performances before closing on 1 July It was made into a moviestarring Brock Peters and Melba Moorereleased in Lost in the Stars is the last work Weill completed before his death in Although he was influenced by spiritualsjazz and bluesWeill 's distinctive and original style shines throughout the score.